Different types of forests geography for kids mocomi. These are the most widespread forests out of all the types of forests in india. Teak is a dominant species and other species are sandal. These forests have an ability of absorb a large quality of carbon dioxide and are providing a bulk quantity of oxygen to humans for ages.
Forests are home to 80% of the worlds terrestrial biodiversity. It met all our requirements for leading a normal life at that time. Forests can also be classified more specifically based on the climate and the dominant tree species present, resulting in numerous different forest types e. These are tropical monsoon forests with tall trees which rise upto 2560mts. This phenomenon is attributed to the fact that the climate of these forests is hot and very wet 100 inches rainfall per year, and have thus, resulted in an extremely diverse combination of flora and fauna.
Plants that can survive dr ought or fire, for example, will occur together in regions likely to experience drought and fire. You may not just want to read books, but also digital magazines or publications. They are found in the regions having rainfall between 70200cm. An evergreen forest is a forest consisting entirely or mainly of evergreen trees that retain green foliage all year round. The structure, distribution, and biomass of the worlds forests pdf. Without human intervention, however, deciduous and mixed forest stands would dominate as the natural forest type. Approximately rd of the earthstotal area is covered by forests forests vary a great deal in composition and density and are distinct from meadows and pastures. Like a chocolate cake they have layers and like animal they. The three major forest biomes are coniferous forests, deciduous forests, and tropical rain forests coniferous forests edit.
Types of forests tropical rainforests canopy is often closed little light reaches below a canopy opening happens when a tree falls plants competing for the light fill the space many trees are covered with epiphytes epiphyte plants that grow on other plants instead of in the soil rainfall determines the vegetation growth rate rainforests of the earth rainforest mammals rainforest birds. Higher elevation areas tend to support forests similar to those at higher latitudes, and amount of precipitation also affects forest composition. Types of forest there are different types of forests which can be seen in different. Nov 20, 2017 forests cover of the earths surface and contain an estimated 3 trillion trees. Evergreen forests are usually found in areas receiving more than 200 cm of rainfall and having a temperature of 15 c to 30 c. They can also be classified according to the nature.
On a rough scale, almost 50% forests of the world are tropical and subtropical in nature. The common animals found in these forests are elephants, lemur, monkey, and deer. This handout describes the forest types found in minnesota and shows the species included in each forest type. The number of trees in the world, according to a 2015 estimate, is 3 trillion, of which 1. The trees grow very densely together and the branches and leaves block most of the light from penetrating to the understory. The gfm was updated using recent satellite data from 2005 and the forest cover was subdivided into different forest types. There are three types of forests that are explained briefly below. Oct 01, 2015 tell your students that they will be learning about the four different types of forests today. Types of forests in indiaupsc notesindian geography. The best known and most extensive are the lowland evergreen broadleaf rainforests, which make up over half this area and include, for example. Donegan fao, 20 are possible, leading to many different types of forest ecosystems. Thus, the name of this type of forest suits the type of vegetation found over here. Broadleaf trees, mosses, ferns, palms, and orchids all thrive in rain forests. This report examines basic questions concerning carbon sequestration in forests.
There are also more specific types of forests within these larger regions. In any geographic region, environmental and other factors partially determine what sort of plants will be present. Occuring between 50 and 60 degrees north latitudes, boreal forests can be found in the broad belt of eurasia and north america. This thorn forest grades into a desert as the climate becomes adverse and drier. The one horned rhinoceros in the jungles of west bengal and assam. Write the names of the forests on the board, using the handout as a guide. Champion and seth 1968 recognized sixteen types of forest which are listed below. The magazines range from cooking, travel, fashion to sport, video games, cars, cooking, and music.
Each different tree picture category in the left column will give you lots of great pictures and images of that kind of tree. Tropical deciduous forests are further classified into two types of forests on the basis of rainfall tropical moist deciduous forests and tropical dry deciduous forests. Calameo is a site where you can enjoy different types of magazines online. There are 3 different types of forests and each forest has different temperatures, vegetations and rainfall. Forest simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Plants provide habitat to different types of organisms. The picture above will give you an idea of yet another different type of forests in the world. The relative extents of different types of forests in india are presented in the following table 11. Forests types of forests and classification list of. Temperate broadleaved deciduous and mixed forest 5. Jun 01, 2018 we also add calameo pdf downloader on our list of websites for downloading free pdf books. Forests take many forms, depending on their latitude, local. Aug 20, 2016 share this on whatsappdifferent types of forests india has a diverse range of forests. Forests in india can be broadly divided into coniferous forests and broadleaved forests.
Tree types within each tree type category you can click on the tree picture to enlarge the tree photo to full size. Champion 1936 recognized major types of forest in india. Tropical most tropical forests receive large continued. Here we have given ncert class 7 science notes chapter 17 forests. Different types of forests in india pdf download 1164pa. Use the teacher background information sheet to stimulate discussion. Besides plenty of birds, bats, sloths, scorpions and snails are found in these jungles. Forests take many forms, depending on their latitude, local soil, rainfall and prevailing temperatures.
Description of the traveling exhibit forest journey forest journeyis divided into five sections. The forest type depends upon the abiotic factors such as climate and soil characteristics of a region. The average height of the trees is between 7 meters and 8 meters, not more than 10 m. Forests can be classified according to a wide number of characteristics, with distinct forest types occuring within each broad category. Forests at different latitudes and elevations form distinctly different ecozones. Birds build their nests on the branches of trees, animals and birds live in the hollows, insects and other organisms live in various parts of the plant. Rainforest workseets for kids available for instant download.
The following types of forests are found in india which cover nearly 17 per cent of the total area of indian territory. Types of forests in india and world one needs to visit in. This phenomenon is attributed to the fact that the climate of these forests is hot and very wet 100 inches rainfall per year, and have thus, resulted in. Coniferous forest is more prevalent in the german central uplands and to an extent in the northeast german lowlands. They also store water in their roots, so there is less water in the soil, and produce organic matter, which increases the water storage capacity of soil. Find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Top 7 types of forests found in india biology discussion. Forests provide an environment for many species of plants and animals thus protects and sustains the diversity of nature. Tell your students that they will be learning about the four different types of forests today. The youth guide to forests food and agriculture organization of. Discovering forests food and agriculture organization. A forest is a community of trees, shrubs, herbs, and associated plants and organisms that cover a considerable area that use oxygen, water and soil nutrients as the community attains maturity and reproduces itself. Boreal forests, or taiga, represent the largest terrestial biome. With a view to climate change and biodiversity, the large proportion.
Hanson 1962 defines forest as a stand of trees growing close together with associated plants of various kinds. A vital storehouse of biodiversity, sustaining millions of different animals, birds, algae and fish species. Deciduous forest 31 percent and mixed forest percent are underrepresented in percentage terms. Different kinds of mangrove forests provide different goods and services article pdf available in global ecology and biogeography letters 71. Like many other species, all forests are different. Share this on whatsappdifferent types of forests india has a diverse range of forests. Forest types of the world temperate and boreal forest types 1 evergreen needleleaf forest natural forest with 30% canopy cover, in which the canopy is predominantly 75% needleleaf and evergreen.
Here you find lots of articles on many different types of plants, trees, and forests written for middle school students. Several combinations of layers based on a diagram by e. Minnesota forest types minnesota department of natural. Tree roots, as well as forest floor plants and litter fallen leaves, twigs, bark, mushrooms, also help to hold the soil together. The word forest is derived from a latin wordforismeans outside forests are one of the most important natural resources of the earth. These forests have hilly terrains and plateau regions with rainfall between 100200cms. Learn about the different tree species that grow in finland, and view some pictures of various types of forest. Hundreds of more precise definitions of forest are. Coniferous forests stretch across canada, alaska, northern asia, and northern europe. The different types of forest vary in their geographical distribution. The first section provides a brief background on congressional interest in forest carbon sequestration. The forests of india can be classified into 6 categories moist tropical forests montane sub tropical forests dry tropical forests montane temperate forests sub alpine alpine moist tropical forests. It summarizes experiences in preparing for and reacting to climate change in different types of forests. Class7 cbse board different types of forest learnnext offers animated video lessons with neatly explained examples, study material, free ncert solutions, exercises and tests.
Learn how to identify five different types of quadrilaterals and put your new knowledge to use with a few practice problems. A great majority of the forests found in india are of this type. Forest, categories, types, functions and institutional. However, by latitude, the three main types of forests are tropical, temperate, and boreal. Explain to class that just like animals, forests have different types. Forests are so much more than a collection of trees.
These ecosystems are complex webs of organisms that include plants, animals, fungi and bacteria. Champion and seth define it as a unit of vegetation which possesses broad characteristics in physiognomy and structure sufficiently pronounced to permit of its differentiation. Forest provides aesthetics, habitat to various flora and fauna besides that it also has an. Sep 12, 2017 types of forests forests types are category of forest defined concerning its geographical location, climatic and edaphic features, composition and condition. Types of forests learning can be fun, free and fast with. Identification of global priority areas for forest conservation. Population of different species occupying a given place at a given time. Class 7 cbse board different types of forest videos, ncert. Our lifeline pdf free download is part of class 7 science notes for quick revision. Pdf different kinds of mangrove forests provide different. Tropical forests or rainforests are one of the oldest types of vegetation forests that still exist on the earth. Located along the equator, tropical rainforests are one of the densest of the different types of forests. Open access free for readers, with article processing charges apc paid by authors or their institutions. Birds build their nests on the branches of trees, animals and birds live in the hollows, insects and other organisms live in.
Tropical moist deciduous forests found in western ghats and chotanagpur plateau and siwaliks of himalayas. The moist tropical forests are divided into 4 subcategories. Class 7 cbse board different types of forest videos. The main layers of all forest types are the forest floor, the understory and the canopy. The second describes the basic carbon cycle in forests, with an overview of how carbon cycling and storage vary among different types of forests. Types of forests tropical rainforests hugely dense, lush forest with canopies preventing sunlight from getting to the floor of the forest. Pdf files for maximum compatibility unsure whether your computer can read pdf files. Forests exist in dry, wet, bitterly cold, and swelteringly hot climates. Also, called as wetland forests india has rich variety of these types of forests. Their main trees are evergreen conifers which produce seeds in cones the weather during the winter is cold, but when snow melts in the spring, some parts of the. In the following sections, a brief description of world forest types, world soil classification, and associations of different soils with different forests is given.276 43 1405 85 780 1355 504 885 534 800 331 1214 675 183 1211 1291 637 281 620 201 1168 616 630 709 84 268 338 532 772 977 1358 1475 819 1258 1392 1494